Gynecomastia, informally known as the “male breasts”, is a common condition in men and boys. Breasts swell and remain abnormally high. Gynecomastia is common in newborn boys, the boys during puberty and older men. In most cases, gynecomastia is not a problem. However, from a psychological point of view it may be difficult to handle. In addition to affecting self-esteem and cause embarrassment, some men and boys also feel pain chest.
Gynecomastia is caused by excess fat from overweight. There is also pseudo gynecomastia at which accumulate fat on the breast, and sometimes combines with overweight or obese. Signs and symptoms can occur in one or both breasts. Swollen mammary gland tissue, breasts are more sensitive, increasing the courtyards or the tissue is unbalanced. If these problems persist, consult a doctor.
The causes of gynecomastia
Gynecomastia can have several causes for example: the hormonal imbalance between the sex hormones testosterone and estrogen. Estrogen, a female hormone promotes the growth of breast tissue while testosterone, a male hormone, has inhibitory effects on the breast tissue level (stops in the formation of estrogen increasing breast tissue). More than 50% of newborn boys is born with enlarged breasts. They have high levels of estrogen, which have received from the mother. This was offset, however, and the swelling will disappear within a few weeks. Swollen breasts are becoming more common in men in middle age and old age.
Other causes are kidney failure, excessive alcohol use, liver disease, radiation testicles, Klinefelter syndrome, the use of marijuana and other drugs, infection, or lumps in the testicles, some thyroid disorders, use of certain medications (some antibiotics, drugs for ulcers, tea tree oil, tricyclic antidepressants, Diazepam and some other medicines to treat anxiety, some anti-HIV drugs, anabolic steroids, anti-androgens and some heart medicines).
If gynecomastia appears to be caused by medication, the doctor may recommend switching to another drug or discontinuation of use. In most cases, gynecomastia resolves itself without any treatment. If the condition does not resolve itself within a few years, causing embarrassment, pain, and tenderness, or even need treatment.
Treatment of gynecomastia is rare, and may include the use of drugs such as hormone therapy, blocking the effects of estrogen or surgical breast reduction. Breast consist of two main parts, namely from glandular tissue that is strong and dense, and adipose tissue, which is soft. The ratio of tissues varies from patient to patient. In individuals with gynecomastia may be too much of both types of tissues. Liposuction comes into consideration if the patient has too much fat. He’ll do it three to čtyřmilimetrový incision through which a tube is inserted.
Excision means cutting the tissue with a scalpel. In the case of breast augmentation is a result of excessive amount of glandular tissue, would have to be removed. This procedure leaves a scar, typically around the edge of the nipple. After surgery, patients will have slightly bruised and swollen chest, making it difficult to determine to what extent the operation was effective.
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